There is a critical part played by the nurses in the patient safety & are often considered the last stroke of defense against unsafe medical practices and errors. Plenty of researches have been conducted to find out the relationship between the working environment of nurses and various patient & nurse safety and quality results. But up till now, there has not been any clear synthesis made to articulate this association. The nurse work environment includes all the elements of the organization that effects quality of nurse care for example the authority given to nurses in decision making, the support by manager, and the collaboration of nurse-physician.
A new analysis from numerous independent studies of this subject has led to the development of ‘Centre for Health Outcomes and policy research’. In this meta-analysis, sixteen years of studies has finally found the 4 sets of outcomes associated with the work environment of nurses. These outcomes are: patient satisfaction, nurse assessments of safety & quality, job consequences, and the patient health outcomes.
Doctor Eileen T, lead investigator of this research said: “Our quantitative synthesis of the results of many studies revealed that better work environments were associated with lower odds of negative outcomes ranging from patient and nurse job dissatisfaction to patient mortality.”
The researchers viewed the worldwide studies systematically which reported experimental research incorporating the Practice Environment Scale of the Nurse Work index. Data from 2600+ hospitals, 165 thousand nurses, and 1.3M patients, was reported by the studies. The views of above-mentioned people was taken about the practice environment, safety & quality ratings, outcomes of nurse’ job, and satisfaction of patients.
As mentioned by Eileen: “Our results support the unique status of the nurse work environment as a foundation for both patient and provider well-being that warrants the resources and attention of health care administrators.”