Bioinformatics derives knowledge by Computer analysis of the biological and molecular biology data. It is a quickly growing branch of biology in highly interdisciplinary from. It uses techniques and concepts covering fields like informatics, statistics, mathematics, chemistry, biochemistry, genetics, physics, linguistics and many other fields.
You may think? What is Biological Data? And why is it important? Typically, the biological data can be the information stored in DNA sequences of a living being, experimental results generated from miscellaneous sources, three-dimensional protein structures, gene expression arrays, patient statistics, and scientific literature, etc. An important part of research in bioinformatics is the development of methods for storage, retrieval, and analysis of these data, but the concept of information in the genetic code” has its limitations. The sequences in the DeoxyRibose Nucleic Acid (DNA) can be analyzed both as a text and as a molecule that interacts with a variety of other molecules as well as with proteins that are governed by three-dimensional structures and their dynamics and flexibility. These, in turn, are obviously determined by the sequence of bases, but the behavior of proteins cannot be fully described by reducing its analysis to a single-dimensional level.
In the initial stage, Bioinformatics activity was mainly concerned with the development of storage and organization of the growing amounts of data produced by ever more sophisticated genetic technologies, in conjunction with the infrastructural needs accompanying basic genetic research. Bioinformatics expanded to the development and the use of computational tools for the biological interpretation of the large amounts of data.