Team of Rutgers engineers have designed a tabletop device which uses technological advantages from robot, artificial intelligence, near-infrared and ultrasound imaging to draw blood. The latest innovation can also help to insert catheters to deliver fluids and drugs.
The latest research by Rutgers engineers underline the capability of autonomous systems which can outperform people during complex medical tasks. Such systems include image-guided robotic device.
Experts reveal medical robots can be used to minimize injuries and to enhance the efficiency and outcomes of procedures. These can further also help in carrying out tasks with minimal supervision, especially when resources are limited.
The efficient use of robots will further help in allowing healthcare professionals to focus more on other tasks of medical care and emergency. This would also support medical providers in bringing forth advanced medical interventions even to remote areas.
Engineers claim diagnosis of veins, arteries and other blood vessels is the foremost crucial step in therapeutic and diagnostic procedures. These include administering fluids and medications, drawing blood, and introducing devices such as monitoring health and stents.
Experts further also determine that gaining access to blood vessels in many people is a challenge and the timelines of the procedures are also crucial.
The latest robotic device can help in precisely steering needles and catheters into even tiny blood vessels, requiring minimal supervision. To perform complex visual tasks, the invention uses a combination of artificial intelligence, along with ultrasound imaging and near-infrared.
This further also helps in identifying blood vessels from the surrounding tissue, classifying them and evaluating their depth, by following their motion tracking.
The research about the device has been published in the journal Nature Machine Intelligence and serves as a platform to combine automated blood-drawing and downstream analysis of blood.
“Not only can the device be used for patients, but it can also be modified to draw blood in rodents, a procedure which is extremely important for drug testing in animals in the pharmaceutical and biotech industries,” elaborated senior author Martin L. Yarmush.